KAZALCI OKOLJA

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European Union has met its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, as total emissions excluding sinks in the 2020 target period were 34% lower than in the base year 1990, which means that the target was exceeded by 14%.

In 2020, Slovenian GHG emissions decreased by 7.1% compared to 2019. Emissions from non-ETS sectors were as much as 20.7% lower than the amounts allocated for this year, and Slovenia thus achieved the goal it had within the EU.


This indicator shows the trends in greenhouse gas emissions in Slovenia, the main sources of emissions (by category and sector) and the comparison with other European Union countries (the EU-28). Emissions included in the emission trading system (EU ETS), as well as those not included, are presented. Emissions are expressed in Gg CO2 equivalent.

Greenhouse gas emissions monitored within the emission inventory include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), F-gasses (such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), perfluorocarbons (PFC) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). Greenhouse gas emissions are calculated in accordance with the IPCC methodology, which enables international comparability of data. Emissions are being calculated for transport, energy, industrial processes and the use of products, fuels in industry, fuels in households and commercial use, agriculture and waste. Land use, land use change and forestry represents a special category.

 


Charts

Figure PB03-1: Progress of Member States towards their Effort Sharing targets, 1990- 2020
Sources: 

European Environment Agency, 2022

Show data

Emissions in 1990[(kt CO eq)]

Emissions in 2020[(kt CO eq)]

Difference in emissions[(kt CO eq)]

Percentage change since 1990[%]

EUI target 2020 [%]

Romania

222049.93

77040.37

-8422335.86

-65.30

-0.20

Estonia

37015.28

12853.08

-1448480.77

-65.28

-0.20

Lithuania

42329.61

14775.16

-283329.04

-65.09

-0.20

Slovakia

63320.24

28302.04

-4631909.66

-55.30

-0.20

Bulgaria

80468.09

39580.40

-9903901.55

-50.81

-0.20

Finland

57740.85

30479.13

-8719336.06

-47.21

-0.20

Germnay

1268921.81

717472.61

-67369441.24

-43.46

-0.20

Denmark

77995.13

44852.87

-2543838.34

-42.49

-0.20

Hungary

91721.57

55995.33

-3677009.19

-38.95

-0.20

EU-27 + UK

5440012.56

3474454.58

-338168179.34

-36.13

-0.20

Czech Republic

189911.77

126110.35

-5676538.54

-33.60

-0.20

Italy

516260.19

348846.95

-28825503.61

-32.43

-0.20

Luxembourg

12891.17

8728.01

-1741068.61

-32.29

-0.20

Greece

101342.74

70882.61

-11655482.86

-30.06

-0.20

Croatia

25444.41

18450.62

-818177.03

-27.49

-0.20

France

520100.22

378957.08

-43294530.16

-27.14

-0.20

Netherlands

226282.68

167865.77

-15986142.30

-25.82

-0.20

Belgium

142750.63

106097.40

-9878638.00

-25.68

-0.20

Slovenia

14234.66

11115.64

-1070766.88

-21.91

-0.20

Poland

445640.18

355061.91

-15153098.84

-20.33

-0.20

Latvia

13607.81

11106.30

2395875.28

-18.38

-0.20

Malta

2591.13

2119.41

-10983.07

-18.21

-0.20

Sweden

34850.48

5885.39

39410.02

-15.63

-0.20

Portugal

59681.03

50789.51

-4966363.38

-14.90

-0.20

Spain

254106.69

239194.10

-37529095.01

-5.87

-0.20

Ireland

60588.06

64642.29

-2100115.64

6.69

-0.20

Austria

66358.61

72339.10

-4772324.82

9.01

-0.20

Cyprus

5278.01

8529.63

-28400.67

61.61

-0.20

EU-27

4633482972

3068707891

-1564775081

-33.77

-0.20

Figure PB03-2: GHG emissions by gas, Slovenia, 1986-2020
Sources: 

GHG Archive, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2022

Show data

CO2[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

CH4[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

N2O[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

F-gases[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

- HFC[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

- PFC[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

- SF6[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

total[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

1986

16779.34

2599.37

827.23

242.96

0

233.19

9.77

20448.91

1987

16011.49

2581.77

838.50

277.63

0

267.86

9.77

19709.39

1988

15546.71

2580.57

801.00

225.04

0

215.27

9.77

19153.32

1989

15340.05

2589.94

765.01

228.34

0

217.41

10.94

18923.34

1990

15094.85

2530.13

756.45

217.42

0

207.59

9.83

18598.85

1991

13974.24

2434.61

698.88

139.05

0

129.40

9.64

17246.78

1992

13883.42

2451.28

763.74

137.85

0

128.18

9.67

17236.29

1993

14247.18

2341.73

724.61

170.21

31.41

128.25

10.54

17483.72

1994

14636.50

2335.85

759.68

170.67

31.65

128.18

10.84

17902.70

1995

15354.18

2364.59

791.24

173.16

32.89

128.14

12.13

18683.17

1996

15999.32

2323.12

794.74

170.41

29.86

127.67

12.88

19287.60

1997

16506.85

2340.23

803.49

175.87

34.43

128.19

13.25

19826.44

1998

16038.88

2393.70

813.49

171.86

31.01

128.08

12.77

19417.93

1999

15412.35

2398.22

817.88

175.04

31.38

128.29

15.36

18803.49

2000

15053.69

2491.38

845.90

190.86

46.10

129.75

15.01

18581.83

2001

16302.57

2496.95

847.60

207.34

62.71

129.26

15.37

19854.45

2002

16564.49

2523.50

809.24

230.16

78.55

135.07

16.54

20127.38

2003

16271.33

2491.33

781.18

255.67

99.14

139.44

17.09

19799.51

2004

16704.50

2457.49

760.30

279.87

121.71

140.69

17.47

20202.16

2005

16932.32

2458.05

766.67

305.33

145.20

142.13

18.00

20462.38

2006

17178.32

2386.59

776.82

321.08

168.88

134.26

17.93

20662.81

2007

17342.81

2405.80

785.50

312.76

195.57

99.68

17.51

20846.87

2008

18278.41

2290.68

745.51

258.12

224.01

14.74

19.37

21572.71

2009

16204.02

2200.78

736.94

265.99

243.59

5.24

17.16

19407.73

2010

16459.52

2169.95

728.92

285.39

257.76

9.64

17.99

19643.77

2011

16358.58

2161.67

739.17

308.41

270.11

20.16

18.15

19567.83

2012

15760.51

2111.32

742.54

329.11

294.66

18.11

16.34

18943.49

2013

15133.32

2053.25

715.27

348.23

315.76

15.31

17.16

18250.07

2014

13568.17

1954.03

724.48

365.53

333.12

15.22

17.19

16612.20

2015

13653.31

2014.69

748.78

376.73

343.50

15.74

17.49

16793.51

2016

14464.58

2049.13

755.13

388.73

351.51

19.78

17.44

17657.58

2017

14622.03

2002.04

730.81

372.51

339.25

17.45

15.81

17727.38

2018

14526.71

1935.53

740.10

352.34

320.92

15.59

15.83

17554.69

2019

14048.14

1922.69

778.90

324.45

296.78

11.81

15.87

17074.18

2020

12866.24

1893.63

771.01

320.57

295.03

9.62

15.93

15851.44

Figure PB03-3: Annual GHG emissions, by sector (share), Slovenia, 1986-2020
Sources: 

GHG Archive, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2022

Show data

transport[%]

energy industries[%]

industrial processes[%]

fuels in manufacturing industries and construction[%]

agriculture[%]

waste[%]

other sectors[%]

fugitive emissions from fuels[%]

other[%]

total[%]

transport[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

energy industries[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

industrial processes[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

fuels in manufacturing industries and construction[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

agriculture[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

waste[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

other sectors[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

fugitive emissions from fuels[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

other[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

total[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

1986

10.04

33.46

6.89

21.27

9.47

3.10

12.68

2.90

0.20

100

2052.06

6842.36

1407.99

4348.99

1936.15

633.24

2593.71

592.97

41.44

20448.91

1987

12.31

32.89

7.21

19.67

9.88

3.32

11.69

2.87

0.16

100

2425.75

6481.59

1421.60

3876.07

1947.54

654.60

2304.07

566.15

32.02

19709.39

1988

12.82

34.29

7.79

18.48

9.98

3.52

9.95

3.00

0.17

100

2455.43

6568.58

1491.69

3539.93

1910.59

674.34

1906.45

574.30

32.02

19153.32

1989

13.13

35.27

7.59

17.60

9.90

3.67

9.64

3.03

0.17

100

2485.54

6675.14

1436.64

3329.61

1872.53

694.00

1824.25

573.60

32.02

18923.34

1990

14.72

34.29

7.49

16.65

10.00

3.76

10.17

2.75

0.17

100

2738.12

6376.84

1392.88

3097.11

1860.25

698.83

1891.14

511.65

32.02

18598.85

1991

15.04

31.50

6.23

17.85

10.12

4.01

12.45

2.76

0.04

100

2594.34

5432.32

1073.98

3077.94

1745.32

692.27

2147.49

476.22

6.91

17246.78

1992

15.29

34.61

6.17

15.01

10.83

3.83

11.22

3.04

0.01

100

2635.82

5965.76

1063.74

2587.11

1865.95

660.26

1933.13

523.14

1.38

17236.29

1993

18.23

32.92

5.11

14.38

10.06

3.67

12.88

2.74

0.01

100

3186.84

5755.77

893.07

2513.92

1758.67

641.94

2252.35

479.78

1.38

17483.72

1994

19.96

30.93

5.97

14.98

9.92

3.61

12.04

2.57

0.01

100

3574.08

5537.70

1068.72

2682.48

1775.38

646.90

2155.40

460.65

1.38

17902.70

1995

21.39

30.65

5.74

14.09

9.49

3.49

12.53

2.61

0.01

100

3996.02

5726.69

1073.07

2632.35

1773.74

651.90

2340.72

487.31

1.38

18683.17

1996

23.53

27.63

5.57

13.08

8.89

3.41

15.44

2.43

0.01

100

4538.02

5329.13

1074.43

2523.27

1714.63

658.45

2978.87

469.42

1.38

19287.60

1997

23.93

29.00

5.62

11.61

8.43

3.51

15.35

2.53

0.01

100

4745.39

5749.27

1113.77

2302.39

1671.03

696.55

3044.34

502.32

1.38

19826.44

1998

20.32

30.84

5.63

11.76

8.80

3.75

16.31

2.57

0.01

100

3946.24

5988.75

1092.76

2283.61

1709.57

728.03

3167.27

498.99

2.70

19417.93

1999

19.87

28.13

5.94

12.22

9.17

3.99

18.11

2.54

0.02

100

3737.16

5289.82

1117.31

2298.18

1724.07

750.72

3405.60

477.75

2.89

18803.49

2000

19.83

30.11

6.26

12.35

9.74

4.19

14.96

2.54

0.02

100

3684.38

5595.42

1162.43

2295.55

1809.81

778.19

2780.69

472.27

3.08

18581.83

2001

19.37

31.80

6.14

11.15

9.00

3.99

16.18

2.35

0.02

100

3846.16

6313.23

1219.08

2214.57

1787.34

792.72

3211.53

466.57

3.27

19854.45

2002

19.42

32.62

6.10

11.16

9.16

3.91

15.08

2.53

0.02

100

3908.39

6566.04

1228.33

2246.25

1843.79

786.71

3034.58

510.02

3.27

20127.38

2003

19.99

31.78

6.55

10.99

8.86

4.05

15.04

2.72

0.02

100

3958.07

6292.68

1297.84

2176.58

1753.67

800.91

2978.05

538.45

3.27

19799.51

2004

20.48

31.80

6.69

11.52

8.43

3.97

14.44

2.67

0.02

100

4136.65

6425.00

1351.18

2327.51

1702.08

801.52

2916.18

538.62

3.42

20202.16

2005

21.53

31.53

6.97

12.04

8.39

3.75

13.20

2.57

0.02

100

4405.91

6452.05

1426.96

2463.21

1716.96

766.46

2701.20

526.31

3.33

20462.38

2006

22.47

31.50

7.13

12.60

8.31

3.54

11.85

2.60

0.02

100

4642.09

6508.49

1472.74

2602.89

1716.53

731.09

2448.08

537.56

3.33

20662.81

2007

25.16

32.28

7.10

11.35

8.50

3.25

9.72

2.61

0.02

100

5245.24

6729.79

1481.11

2365.12

1772.53

677.40

2027.28

544.92

3.48

20846.87

2008

28.58

30.14

6.24

10.83

7.86

2.83

11.05

2.44

0.02

100

6165.07

6503.05

1346.96

2337.28

1695.43

609.73

2384.55

527.08

3.56

21572.71

2009

26.60

32.05

5.22

10.10

8.80

2.85

11.69

2.68

0.02

100

5162.67

6219.37

1012.50

1959.21

1708.12

553.87

2269.34

519.29

3.34

19407.73

2010

27.00

32.32

5.17

9.84

8.54

2.77

11.69

2.66

0.01

100

5303.47

6349.47

1015.38

1933.78

1677.63

543.92

2295.46

521.77

2.89

19643.77

2011

28.90

32.55

5.27

8.86

8.48

2.81

10.41

2.72

0.02

100

5654.28

6368.83

1030.76

1733.26

1659.59

549.91

2036.42

531.40

3.37

19567.83

2012

29.95

32.00

5.59

8.79

8.68

2.82

9.42

2.73

0.02

100

5673.21

6061.46

1058.52

1664.89

1644.08

535.15

1785.19

517.60

3.38

18943.49

2013

29.44

31.68

6.16

9.11

8.93

2.83

9.33

2.51

0.02

100

5372.46

5781.34

1123.33

1662.08

1629.58

516.55

1702.84

458.87

3.02

18250.07

2014

32.44

26.81

7.00

10.06

10.09

2.94

8.48

2.16

0.02

100

5388.84

4454.22

1162.65

1670.70

1676.62

487.97

1408.48

358.97

3.75

16612.20

2015

31.91

27.20

6.82

9.61

10.22

2.95

9.05

2.21

0.02

100

5359.29

4567.85

1145.82

1613.50

1716.65

496.11

1520.16

370.42

3.70

16793.51

2016

32.47

27.96

6.48

9.20

9.84

2.78

9.00

2.25

0.02

100

5732.98

4937.01

1144.94

1624.85

1736.97

491.59

1588.53

397.08

3.64

17657.58

2017

33.07

27.77

6.72

9.59

9.61

2.71

8.21

2.30

0.02

100

5862.78

4923.10

1191.24

1699.46

1702.81

480.19

1455.25

408.42

4.14

17727.38

2018

33.28

27.39

6.93

10.24

9.70

2.53

7.70

2.22

0.02

100

5841.65

4808.16

1216.24

1797.79

1702.12

443.32

1351.78

389.71

3.91

17554.69

2019

32.98

26.83

7.19

10.29

10.07

2.55

7.84

2.22

0.02

100

5631.53

4581.65

1227.68

1756.96

1719.63

435.16

1339.27

378.29

4.01

17074.18

2020

28.90

28.49

7.41

10.82

10.87

2.62

8.47

2.40

0.02

100

4581.05

4516.77

1174.60

1714.65

1723.82

414.70

1342.02

380.65

3.17

15851.44

Figure PB03-4: GHG emissions, EU ETS and non-ETS, Slovenia, 2005-2020
Sources: 

GHG Archive, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2022; Reports on discharge 2005-2015, REK, 2022

Show data

EU ETS emissions[1000 t CO2 eq]

non EU ETS emissions[1000 t CO2 eq]

2005

8720.55

11741.83

2006

8842.18

11820.63

2007

9048.63

11798.24

2008

8860.11

12712.61

2009

8067.02

11340.71

2010

8129.86

11513.91

2011

7994.55

11573.28

2012

7610.59

11332.90

2013

7386.31

10863.76

2014

6115.29

10496.91

2015

6109.59

10683.92

2016

6478.66

11178.91

2017

6570.03

11157.36

2018

6491.91

11062.77

2019

6253.60

10820.59

2020

6095.60

9755.84

Figure PB03-5: Non-ETS GHG emissions, by sector, Slovenia, 2013-2020
Sources: 

GHG Archive, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2022; Reports on discharge 2005-2015, REK, 2022

Show data

transport[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

energy industries[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

industrial processes[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

fuels in manufacturing industries and construction[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

agriculture[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

waste[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

other sectors[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

other[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

total[1000 t CO2 equiv.]

allocated emissions[1001 t CO2 equiv.]

2013

5372.46

162.74

472.40

624.63

1629.58

516.55

1702.84

382.56

10863.76

12323.92

2014

5388.84

123.04

480.84

617.34

1676.62

487.97

1408.48

313.78

10496.91

12353.72

2015

5359.29

146.04

512.52

614.39

1716.65

496.11

1520.16

318.75

10683.92

12383.52

2016

5732.98

155.14

524.21

613.60

1736.97

491.59

1588.53

335.90

11178.91

12413.32

2017

5862.78

181.19

499.18

637.41

1702.81

480.19

1455.25

338.55

11157.36

12203.09

2018

5841.65

201.67

485.84

711.24

1702.12

443.32

1351.78

325.15

11062.77

12237.81

2019

5631.53

193.12

497.35

685.79

1719.63

435.16

1339.27

318.74

10820.59

12272.53

2020

4581.05

189.97

492.68

691.25

1723.82

414.70

1342.02

320.36

9755.85

12307.24


Goals

EU greenhouse gas targets 2020

The unilateral 20 % GHG reduction target, in the context of the EU Climate and Energy Package, corresponds to a 14 % decrease in emissions between 2005 and 2020. The target is to be achieved both in the sectors covered by the EU ETS (21 % reduction in EU ETS emissions compared with 2005 levels) and in the other sectors covered by national emission targets under the ESD.

EU greenhouse gas targets 2030

In October 2015, the European Council adopted the '2030 climate and energy framework', setting a binding target to cut emissions in the EU territory by:

    • at least 40 % below 1990 levels by 2030;
    • 43 % in the EU-ETS sectors (compared with 2005);
    • 30 % in the sectors covered by Effort Sharing legislation (compared with 2005).

As part of as part of the European Green Deal, the Commission proposed to raise the 2030 greenhouse gas emission reduction target, including emissions and removals, to at least 55% compared to 1990. This will enable the EU to move towards a climate-neutral economy by 2050. This new long-term objective is a key element of the European Green Deal and in line with the EU’s commitment to global climate action under the Paris Agreement.

Greenhouse gas targets by 2050 in Slovenia

    • Achieving net zero GHG emissions or climate neutrality (Resolution on the Slovenian climate long-term strategy 2050, ReDPS50)

EU countries have met the targets of the Kyoto agreement by reducing GHG emissions by more than 20%. They even exceeded the target by 13%, with a 34% reduction in emissions compared to the base year of 1990. Romania, Estonia and Lithuania reduced their emissions the most during this period, all with a 65% reduction. On the other hand, some members have increased emissions, namely Ireland, Austria and Cyprus. Slovenia achieved a 20% reduction in this period. With the exception of 2017, EU countries have achieved their goal every year. Countries were successful in reducing emissions, particularly in 2019 and 2020 when the Covid-19 lock down contributed to the good results.

 

Total greenhouse gas emissions in Slovenia amounted to the equivalent of 15.851 Gg (gigagram = 1000 tonnes or 1 kilotonne of CO2) in 2020, which was 22.5% below the value in the base year 1986 and 7.2% less than in the 2019. The decrease in emissions was mainly due to the lower fuel consumption in transport, namely emissions decreased by 1,050 Gg of CO2 equivalent (-18.7%) compared to the previous year. 

 

In Slovenia, CO2 has the largest share (81.2% in 2020) of total GHG emissions. It is mostly generated in fuel combustion and industrial processes. It’s followed by methane (11.9%), originating from waste and agriculture, and nitrous oxide (4.9%), which is mostly generated in agriculture as well. Emissions of N2O from transport are notable as well. Although emissions of F-gases, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), perfluorocarbons (PFC) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), are very low, their contribution to the global warming is still significant (2.0%) due to their strong greenhouse effect.

 

Covering more than 58% of Slovenia's land area in 2020, forests are an important factor in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, despite not being taken into account to the total GHG emissions of Slovenia. Due to the natural disasters and increased sanitary logging by 50% in the period 2014 – 2018, the total sector become the source of emissions. The condition of forests has improved in the last two years, and in 2020 CO2 removals were similar to those in the base year.

 

For meeting the EU 2020 targets, the division of emissions included in the ETS and those not included in the ETS is important. Emissions within ETS, which include all larger electricity and heat producers and all energy-demanding industries are decreasing due to the reduction of available emission allowances available via auctions. In 2020, emissions from these sources in Slovenia decreased by 9.8% compared to the preceding year.

 

Emissions that are not included in the ETS are particularly important for Slovenia because they can thus be influenced by countries through measures and policies in respected fields. These emissions may not exceed the quantities allocated to individual countries by Decisions 406/2009 and 634/2013. For Slovenia, the 2020 ceiling was 12,307 Gg of CO2 equivalent. Emissions in Slovenia reached 9,756 Gg of CO2 equivalent, which was 20.7% below the emission ceiling for that year.

 

Among sectors outside the ETS, the most important is transport, which contributed 47.0% of these emissions in 2020. Within the transport sector, most emissions are contributed by road transport (99% in 2020). Emissions from transport were increasing steeply up to 2008, when they were 39% higher than in 2005. In 2009, they decreased due to the onset of the economic crisis and increased again in 2011 and 2012. In the period 2013–2015 they decreased slightly again, which can be contributed to higher environmental awareness and sustainable mobility. However due to the increased economic growth, emissions until 2019 increased again.  In 2020, emissions from transport decreased by as much as 18.7% compared to the previous year, but were still 4.0% higher than in 2005. A strong decrease of emissions in 2020 are mainly due to a large reduction in transport activity due to the measures taken during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to a lesser extent due to slower growth of domestic passenger and freight transport, increased vehicle efficiency and increased share of biofuels in transport fuels.

 

The next important source is agriculture, which contributed 17.7% of emissions. Emissions from this sector change little from year to year and were similar in 2020 as in the previous year and in 2005. The reduction in emissions in this sector is not noticeable despite the measures, as it is offset by higher emissions due to increased production of beef and milk.

 

With a share of 13.8%, the use of fuel in households and the commercial-institutional sector are the third most important source of GHG emissions outside the ETS. In 2020, these emissions were similar than in the preceding year but as much as half lower than in2005. Such a reduction was largely a result of mild winters in recent years as well as the improved thermal insulation of buildings and the increased use of wood for heating, as CO2 from biomass is not taken into account.

 

Other sources that contribute to the emissions outside the ETS are as follows: other use of fuels in industry (7.1%), other process-related emissions (5.1%), waste management (4,3%), and other sources (fugitive emissions, the remainder of the energy sector, etc, [5.2%]).

 

The first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol was 2008–2012. The second commitment period began in 2013 and will end in 2020. Currently, the Kyoto Protocol covers less than a third of greenhouse gas emissions. Emission growth is the most rapid in the fastest-growing economies of developing countries. Without their participation, global warming will be impossible to halt.

 

In December 2015, 195 countries gathered at the climate conference in Paris. They adopted a universal, legally binding agreement to limit global warming. The agreement foresees a transition to a low-carbon society at the global level, extreme reduction in fossil fuel consumption and an increase in average global temperature by no more than 2oC compared to pre-industrial values. The agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016 and will limit emissions after 2020.

 

The policy of change pursued by the European Union is ambitious and involves all EU Member States. The adopted EU targets by 2020 are as follows:

  • to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 20%;
  • to increase the use of renewable energy sources in final energy consumption by 20%;
  • to achieve a 10% share of biofuels in the total amount of fuels used for transport,
  • to increase energy efficiency by 20%.

 

To meet the commitments from the Kyoto Protocol and to achieve a 20% cut in GHG emissions, Slovenia introduced numerous measures. Most measures are described in the Operational programme to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the period 2013–2020, In addition, the reduction of GHG emissions is also supported by the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency for the period 2008–2016 (the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008) and the National Action Plan for Renewable Energy sources for the period 2010–2020 (the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, 2010). At the EU level, there is also the Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050 (European Commission, 2011).


Other sources and literature

  1. Agencija Republike Slovenije za okolje, 2005–2018: Register emisijskih kuponov, Poročila o izpolnitvi obveznosti (28. 3. 2019).
  2. CDIAC, 2013a. Index of monthly data.
  3. CDIAC, 2013b. Index of monthly data.
  4. EEA, 2014. The draft 'Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2012 and inventory report 2014 (25. 8. 2014)
  5. IPCC, 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis,  (eds,) Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt K, Tignor MMB & Miller HL,, Working Group 1 Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Technical Summary and Chapter 10 (Global Climate Projections).
  6. IPCC, 2013. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, Working Group 1 Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Technical Summary and Chapter 2.
  7. Izvedbeni Sklep Komisije št, 634/2013/ES o prilagoditvi dodeljenih letnih emisij za države članice za obdobje 2013 do 2020 v skladu z Odločbo št 406/2009/ES Evropskega parlamenta in Sveta.
  8. Ministrstvo za infrastrukturo in prostor, 2012. Nacionalni energetski program (9. 9. 2013).
  9. Uredba št, 525/2013 Evropskega parlamenta in Sveta o mehanizmu za spremljanje izpustov toplogrednih plinov in poročanju o njih ter za sporočanje drugih informacij v zvezi s podnebnimi spremembami na nacionalni ravni in ravni Unije ter o razveljavitvi Sklepa št, 280/2004/ES (29. 8. 2014).
  10. Odločba št, 406/2009 o prizadevanju držav članic za zmanjšanje emisij toplogrednih plinov, da do leta 2020 izpolnijo zavezo Skupnosti za zmanjšanje emisij toplogrednih plinov (9. 9. 2013).
  11. Operativni program za zmanjšanje izpustov toplogrednih plinov za obdobje 2013-2020 (9. 8. 2017).
  12. Vlada RS, 2008. Nacionalni akcijski načrt za energetsko učinkovitost za obdobje 2008-2016.
  13. Vlada RS, 2010. Akcijski načrt za obnovljive vire energije za obdobje 2010-2020.
  14.  WMO, 2002. Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2002, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project–Report No, 47, World Meteorological Organization), Geneva, Switzerland.


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