In 2012, more than half of Slovenia's land area was covered by forests (56% or 58% including shrubland), while other mostly natural vegetation accounted for 4%. Farmland occupied 35% of land area, while slightly less than 3% was artificial land. In the periods 1996–2000, 2000–2006 and 2006–2012, land cover and land use changes were relatively small (they occurred on 0.12%, 0.13% and 0.09% of the entire territory, respectively). The majority of detected changes were related to forest management and infrastructure construction.
This indicator shows the characteristics and changes in land cover and land use in Slovenia in 1996, 2000, 2006 and 2012, recorded using the CORINE Land Cover methodology.
The detected processes of changing categories or land cover flows are also presented, as derived from the analysis conducted under the LEAC (Land and Ecosystems Accounts) methodology, developed by the European Environment Agency.
CORINE Land Cover 2012. European Environment Agency, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2014
|annual crops with permanent crops||ha||132227.7|
|complex cultivation patterns||ha||459875.2|
|transitional woodland/ shrub||ha||38690.6|
|natural grassland and moors||ha||43219.1|
|open spaces with little or no vegetation||ha||28174.2|
|water bodies and wetlands||ha||10943.8|
|annual crops with permanent crops||%||6.5|
|complex cultivation patterns||%||22.7|
|transitional woodland/ shrub||%||1.9|
|natural grassland and moors||%||2.1|
|open spaces with little or no vegetation||%||1.4|
|water bodies and wetlands||%||0.5|
CORINE Land Cover 2000, 2006 and 2012.European Environment Agency, Slovenian Environment Agency, Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia, 2007; European Environment Agency, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2014
|water and wetland areas||forest and semi-natural areas||agriculture areas||artificial areas|
CORINE Land Cover 2000, 2006 and 2012. European Environment Agency, Slovenian Environment Agency, Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia, 2007; European Environment Agency, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2014; calculations Slovenian Environment Agency (SprePok-SI)
|forests management||sprawl of economic sites and infrastructures||water bodies creation and management||changes due to natural and multiple causes||urban residential sprawl||withdrawal of farming||urban land management||agriculture internal conversions||conversion from forested & natural land to agriculture|
|1996 - 2000||ha||1010||305||75||192||11||48||390||19||328|
|2000 - 2006||ha||1864||1073||55||15||18||6||0||0||0|
|2006 - 2012||ha||656||564||5||0||22||0||372||0||63|
Sustainable use of natural resources.
Inclusion of individual components of environmental protection in the planning of sustainable spatial development:
• economic and multi-purpose use of land and resources,
• rational use of land for urbanisation and controlled expansion of urbanised areas,
• preservation of production potential of land for agricultural use and balanced supply of mineral resources.