KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Key message
Neutral

The indicator mainly shows unidentifiable direction of development. The majority of data were available only for a limited period and therefore, the reliable estimation of trends is not possible. The majority of arable fields in Slovenia are part of planned crop rotation, the proportion is slightly above the EU average. Cereals are predominant crops. Areas for growing green fodder and industrial plants are increasing, while the production of root and tuber crops is decreasing. A slow diversification of crop species can be observed, particularly favorable is the increase of the share of legume species. The share of arable fields covered over the winter is slightly above the EU average, considerably higher is the proportion of fields with dedicated winter cover. However, almost a quarter of all fields are still without winter cover. Slovenia belongs to a group of EU Member State countries where conventional soil tillage is prevailing. To achieve the goals of reducing erosion, improving soil management and mitigating the effects of climate change, the reduction of the share of land cultivated by plowing would be desirable.


Farm management practices have a direct impact on maintaining soil fertility and the ability to adapt to changing climatic factors, as well as, among other things, on the economics of production. Changes in farming practices contribute to reducing the risk of erosion and loss of organic matter in the soil, reducing the risk of water pollution and to improving the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil. The types of farms and the use of agricultural land (fields, permanent grassland, permanent crops) determine the basic methods of management. More detailed ways of managing management are indicated by the implementation of crop rotation, the predominant crop rotation elements, the choice of methods and proportions of soil coverage over the winter, and the methods of soil cultivation.


Charts

Figure KM11-1: Share of arable area in crop rotation*
Sources: 
EUROSTAT (2018)
; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (2018)
Chart note: 

Calculations by AIS.

* Data for selected EU Member State countries and EU–28 averages are for year 2010. Data for Slovenia for 2010 are according to EUROSTAT database, and for year 2016 according to data from Statistical office of Slovenia.

Show data

ARABLE LAND AND KITCHEN GARDENS [ha]

Arable land not included in calculations [ha]

Fallow land [ha]

Flowers and ornamental plants [ha]

Hops [ha]

Vegetables in protected areas [ha]

Asparagus [ha]

Strawberies [ha]

Arable land for calculations [ha]

Cereals [ha]

Share of arable area out in crop rotation [%]

Share of arable area out of crop rotation [%]

Slovenia (2010)

170144

165110

144500

87.52

12.48

Slovenia (2016)

173787

3063.10

1109

85

1485

219.10

54

111

170723.90

154523

90.51

9.49

EU 28

103404290

72497040

70.11

29.89

Hungary

3837230

2347660

61.18

38.82

Germany

11896790

9693940

81.48

18.52

Austria

1371290

872210

63.61

36.39

Italy

7009310

4847530

69.16

30.84

France

18386080

13722710

74.64

25.36

Croatia

895220

99920

11.16

88.84

Figure KM11-2: Share of different groups of crops on arrable land in Slovenia in the period 1992–2017*
Sources: 
EUROSTAT (2018)
; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (2021)
Chart note: 

Calculations by AIS.

* Data for selected EU Member countries and EU–28 average are for year 2013.

 

Show data

Arable land and kitchen garens[ha]

Fallow land[ha]

Cereals[ha]

Dried pulses (grains)[ha]

Root crops[ha]

Industrial crops[ha]

Vegetables and strawberies[ha]

Flowers and ornamental plants[ha]

Fooder from arrable land[ha]

Other crops on arrable land[ha]

Share of cereals[%]

Share of industrial crops[%]

Share of root crops[%]

Share od fooder from arrable land[%]

Share of other crops[%]

Share of other crops[%]

1992

190984

1983

110958

613

21588

5784

3765

144

45678

471

59.95

3.12

11.66

24.68

0.59

12.25

1993

191351

1975

110690

602

21322

5650

3901

153

46533

525

59.73

3.05

11.51

25.11

0.61

12.11

1994

187024

1975

103338

595

21106

6735

3422

153

49157

544

56.94

3.71

11.63

27.09

0.63

12.26

1995

184874

1812

100765

699

21337

4535

2842

139

52231

514

55.96

2.52

11.85

29.00

0.67

12.52

1996

181404

2171

99276

668

20367

5157

3042

124

50166

433

56.39

2.93

11.57

28.49

0.63

12.19

1997

173518

2082

95480

579

18329

4588

2851

132

49026

452

56.68

2.72

10.88

29.10

0.61

11.49

1998

172721

1993

95119

445

19663

4482

2743

140

47635

501

56.67

2.67

11.71

28.38

0.56

12.28

1999

172082

1904

91122

312

23198

4252

2666

149

48061

418

54.45

2.54

13.86

28.72

0.44

14.30

2000

170849

1038

101865

322

18872

4126

2614

157

41423

432

60.98

2.47

11.30

24.80

0.45

11.75

2001

172672

816

103871

362

13831

4313

2828

124

45857

670

61.50

2.55

8.19

27.15

0.61

8.80

2002

168414

464

98277

512

12675

7633

2575

105

44855

1318

59.46

4.62

7.67

27.14

1.11

8.78

2003

172753

320

98286

723

13422

8234

3162

169

47922

515

58.12

4.87

7.94

28.34

0.73

8.67

2004

175080

1288

99345

770

12422

7310

2979

169

50219

580

58.22

4.28

7.28

29.43

0.79

8.07

2005

176314

2108

94637

2009

12317

8050

2995

169

53665

364

55.33

4.71

7.20

31.38

1.39

8.59

2006

177780

872

95951

3905

12941

9034

3273

139

51361

304

55.30

5.21

7.46

29.60

2.43

9.88

2007

175035

1887

98586

2337

6263

11255

2861

154

51467

225

57.95

6.62

3.68

30.25

1.51

5.19

2008

180303

584

105016

1578

4986

9816

3545

154

54404

220

59.66

5.58

2.83

30.91

1.02

3.85

2009

175189

714

100173

1030

4644

10731

3516

154

54007

220

58.65

6.28

2.72

31.62

0.73

3.45

2010

170144

349

93941

886

4477

13321

2378

76

54374

342

56.14

7.96

2.68

32.49

0.73

3.41

2011

168744

479

94125

1134

3870

12425

3387

78

52992

254

57.11

7.54

2.35

32.16

0.84

3.19

2012

171668

487

98378

748

3647

11450

3923

72

52709

254

58.84

6.85

2.18

31.53

0.60

2.78

2013

174110

448

97830

686

3555

11547

3987

96

55761

200

57.69

6.81

2.10

32.88

0.52

2.62

2014

175069

338

98293

691

3821

11867

4138

73

55649

200

57.64

6.96

2.24

32.63

0.52

2.76

2015

171167

1170

96976

847

3494

10419

4115

53

53894

200

58.48

6.28

2.11

32.50

0.63

2.74

2016

173787

1109

95508

1258

3311

13272

4630

85

54212

402

56.86

7.90

1.97

32.28

0.99

2.96

2017

174363

1313

95193

1306

3389

13180

4559

48

54973

402

56.51

7.82

2.01

32.64

1.01

3.03

EU 28

55.60

12

19.90

12.50

Hungary

64.10

21

8.10

6.90

Germany

55

12.90

23.20

8.80

Austria

60.20

11

17.80

11

Italy

52.10

5.70

28.80

13.40

Croatia

67.30

13.70

13.50

5.50

Figure KM11-3: Trends in share of most important crops on arable land in Slovenia in the period 1992–2017*
Sources: 
Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (2018)
Chart note: 

Calculations by AIS.

* Arable land with clovers, lucerne and grass-clover mixtures are also included in calculations for legumes. For oils crops, arable land with soybean was not included in calculations.

Show data

ARABLE LAND AND KITCHEN GARDENS[ha]

Vegetables[ha]

Fallow land[ha]

CEREALS[ha]

Wheat and spelt[ha]

Rye[ha]

Barley[ha]

Oats[ha]

Triticale[ha]

Maize for grains[ha]

OTHER CEREALS (TOTAL)[ha]

Other cereals - millet[ha]

- as the main crop[ha]

- as the successive crop[ha]

Other cereals - buckwheat[ha]

- as the main crop[ha]

- as the successive crop[ha]

Other[ha]

DRIED PULSES (GRAINS)[ha]

Fodder peas and broad beans[ha]

- Fodder peas[ha]

- Broad beans[ha]

Dry beans[ha]

Dried pulses, other[ha]

ROOT CROPS[ha]

Potato[ha]

Sugar beet[ha]

Fodder roots[ha]

Other fodder roots[ha]

INDUSTRIAL CROPS[ha]

Oil plants[ha]

- Oil turniprape[ha]

- Sunflowers[ha]

- Soya[ha]

- Pumpkins for oil[ha]

Hops[ha]

Other industrial crops[ha]

FODDER FROM ARABLE LAND[ha]

Annual crops[ha]

- Silage maize[ha]

- Other[ha]

- Fodder dried pulses[ha]

Clover and lucerne[ha]

- Clover[ha]

- Lucerne[ha]

Grasses and grass-clover mixtures[ha]

- Grass-clover mixtures[ha]

Other fodder from arable land[ha]

Proportion of legume[%]

Share of winter wheat[%]

Share of maize[%]

Share of crops for oil (without soybean)[%]

1992

190984

3495

1983

110958

36413

2639

8146

2376

0

61220

713

179

35

144

483

25

458

51

613

39

0

574

0

12928

3153

10789

5784

1978

93

0

1232

2398

44

45678

24571

1892

0

4048

19532

11132

473

8.53

19.66

46.31

1.78

1993

191351

3626

1975

110690

37173

2635

9093

2388

0

59253

630

119

48

71

455

44

411

56

602

43

0

559

0

12434

3499

11431

5650

1654

125

42

1295

2466

27

46533

25900

1685

0

3985

19228

10959

485

8.40

20.04

45.91

1.66

1994

187024

3139

1975

103338

35876

2101

12652

2590

0

49359

1371

423

212

211

720

320

400

228

595

114

0

481

0

10147

4910

11311

6735

2278

134

10

1961

2292

38

49157

30311

1514

0

3658

17652

10061

492

7.89

19.75

43.86

2.41

1995

184874

2730

1812

100765

36779

1925

12719

1866

368

46750

1004

255

96

159

652

165

487

97

699

105

0

594

0

10070

6132

9928

4535

296

123

14

1815

2205

69

52231

30321

1906

0

4237

20442

11651

321

9.21

20.41

42.76

1.24

1996

181404

2952

2171

99276

35159

1938

12543

1888

343

47123

822

199

88

111

542

113

429

81

668

73

0

595

0

9382

6341

8647

5157

149

109

4

2596

2233

55

50166

30953

1735

0

3713

17917

10212

307

8.28

19.96

44.31

1.62

1997

173518

2807

2082

95480

33431

1345

10828

1817

437

47491

658

160

38

122

445

40

405

53

579

9

0

570

0

9186

6370

6753

4588

54

9

4

2249

2163

97

49026

29953

1482

0

3885

17172

10297

264

8.76

19.83

45.94

1.37

1998

172721

2707

1993

95119

35025

1227

10871

1793

478

45592

639

163

41

122

424

40

384

52

445

9

0

436

0

9200

7670

6753

4482

77

24

4

2311

2010

44

47635

29285

1447

0

3584

16785

10063

260

8.39

20.85

44.57

1.44

1999

172082

2607

1904

91122

31615

911

10935

2405

634

44401

835

183

80

103

601

90

511

51

312

9

0

303

0

9845

10837

4921

4252

173

24

28

2176

1803

35

48061

30204

1276

0

2997

17860

10407

286

8.20

18.87

44.54

1.42

2000

170849

2507

1038

101865

38256

674

11570

2251

835

48009

915

226

105

121

632

108

524

57

322

39

39

0

309

0

8952

8116

4264

4126

122

24

28

2147

1766

39

41423

26851

1243

0

2863

13899

3918

338

4.30

22.88

44.77

1.37

2001

172672

2731

816

103871

39335

745

12664

1917

1227

47571

1057

157

36

121

742

218

524

158

362

39

39

0

323

0

7785

4700

3778

4313

398

24

38

2122

1682

53

45857

24491

1168

0

1892

21739

5583

470

4.68

23.27

42.63

1.51

2002

168414

3228

464

98277

35729

620

12392

2014

1661

45525

1473

276

67

209

1169

241

928

28

512

204

204

0

308

0

7113

4450

3722

7633

2433

20

67

3232

1817

59

44855

23933

1028

0

2021

22013

6903

1038

5.90

21.70

42.19

3.45

2003

172753

3982

320

99305

35585

630

13789

1964

1820

44137

1380

611

115

495

689

166

523

80

723

367

364

3

351

5

6832

5359

4048

8234

6559

2705

107

40

3707

1662

13

55716

31525

30200

1325

0

2168

1214

954

22023

9387

149

7.53

21.13

44.15

3.87

2004

175080

3631

1288

99775

32385

1109

15324

1854

2124

45996

983

339

277

62

578

210

368

66

770

419

418

1

351

0

6832

4658

3401

7363

5826

1945

56

78

3693

1524

13

56985

29334

27045

2289

67

2357

1000

1357

25294

12087

160

9.24

19.04

42.94

3.35

2005

176314

2891

2108

94637

30059

1320

15451

2731

1986

42369

1631

627

306

321

811

222

589

193

2009

1521

1513

8

451

37

6306

5057

3472

8050

6580

2260

40

172

4108

1453

17

61585

33882

31525

2357

184

3070

1445

1625

24633

12059

222

11.00

17.56

43.16

3.74

2006

177780

3169

872

95951

32083

766

17044

2471

2869

39839

1114

168

120

48

547

360

187

399

3905

3434

3342

92

448

23

5900

6684

1834

9034

7500

2809

156

226

4302

1507

27

57869

28359

27008

1351

57

2481

1010

1471

26725

14652

303

14.22

18.48

38.50

4.19

2007

175035

2752

1887

98586

32040

820

18532

2332

3091

40906

1554

344

113

231

809

351

458

401

2337

1971

1970

1

355

11

5736

0

1977

11255

9666

5358

246

126

3936

1572

17

59207

28474

26802

1672

0

3090

1312

1778

27133

15841

510

13.72

18.82

39.76

5.60

2008

180303

3421

584

105564

35413

714

19229

1887

3241

43698

1382

247

137

110

761

323

438

374

1578

1212

1211

1

355

11

5991

4427

0

1564

9816

8161

4442

256

49

3414

1638

17

61454

27068

26543

525

0

4351

2109

2272

29574

17964

161

14.28

20.10

39.87

4.60

2009

175189

3406

714

100173

34534

892

20089

1773

3399

38611

1568

136

84

52

1044

403

641

388

1030

648

355

27

4644

4175

972

939

10731

9041

4424

227

66

4324

1660

13

54007

27252

26125

1127

5860

3415

2445

30624

19239

183

15.32

20.20

37.87

5.25

2010

170144

2276

349

93941

31946

796

18730

1773

3477

36433

1605

199

95

104

1198

482

716

208

886

513

289

84

4477

4125

587

727

13321

11756

5303

203

109

6141

1488

31

54374

26851

25868

983

5548

2566

2982

29956

19368

230

15.48

19.08

37.21

6.96

2011

168744

3288

479

94125

29665

808

17477

1842

3347

40185

1655

203

58

145

1180

471

709

272

1134

621

289

224

3870

3640

654

726

12425

10969

4770

374

107

5718

1376

52

52992

26885

25970

915

5451

2504

2948

28848

20539

230

16.52

17.99

40.12

6.59

2012

171668

3843

487

98378

34586

902

17967

1369

3640

39166

2103

199

62

137

1676

457

1219

228

748

370

289

89

3647

3386

553

797

11450

10160

5141

367

140

4512

1159

82

52709

28499

27437

1062

5337

2183

3154

27626

19123

230

15.16

20.68

39.82

5.99

2013

174110

3881

448

97830

31758

1489

17314

1203

3490

41857

1860

169

67

102

1401

362

1039

290

686

224

396

66

3555

3307

476

790

11547

10115

6131

273

278

3433

1166

194

55761

30866

30011

855

5722

2339

3382

28699

20034

187

15.75

18.72

42.36

5.80

2014

175069

4051

338

98293

33124

1640

18482

1364

4229

38331

2713

229

105

124

1979

512

1467

506

691

221

396

74

3821

3600

434

761

11867

10162

5563

252

404

3943

1296

364

55649

30147

29485

662

5549

2128

3421

27015

19496

187

15.32

19.42

39.75

5.72

2015

171167

4008

1170

96976

30734

1236

20110

1506

4491

37743

3136

491

264

227

2435

682

1753

209

847

447

396

4

3494

3318

325

597

10419

8503

1629

230

1705

4939

1405

436

53894

29395

28734

661

8507

4074

4432

21864

15454

187

15.98

18.53

40.07

4.10

2016

173787

4519

1109

95508

31461

970

19184

1332

5288

36388

3731

399

78

321

3127

601

2526

206

1258

611

634

13

3311

3164

266

626

13272

11273

3156

241

2466

5410

1485

425

54212

29513

28690

823

10498

4863

5635

21286

14137

375

16.88

18.72

38.73

5.24

2017

174363

4451

1313

95193

28016

1081

20369

1448

5032

38290

4224

347

83

264

3647

643

3004

230

1306

658

634

14

3389

3165

294

678

13180

11142

3435

299

2908

4500

1591

305

54973

29964

29194

770

10158

4795

5364

22324

14152

375

16.93

16.63

40.05

4.89

Figure KM11-4: Share of arable land with winter cover in 2010 and 2016*
Sources: 
EUROSTAT (2018)
; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (2018)
Chart note: 

Calculations by AIS.

* Data for selected EU Member State countries and EU–28 average are for year 2013.

Show data

ARABLE LAND AND KITCHEN GARDENS[ha]

Fallow land[ha]

Field included in calculation[ha]

Arable land with normal winter crops[ha]

Arable land with cover and intermediate crops[ha]

Arable land with plant residues[ha]

Bare soil[ha]

Share of arrable land with normal winter crops[%]

Share of arrable land with cover or intermediate crops[%]

Share of arable land with plant residues[%]

Share of bare soil in arable land[%]

Share of arrable land with normal winter crops[%]

Share of arrable land with cover or intermediate crops[%]

Share of arable land with plant residues[%]

Share of bare soil in arable land[%]

Slovenia (2010)

170144

349

168205

77239

28532

4987

35116

45.92

16.96

2.96

20.88

52.95

19.56

3.42

24.07

Slovenia (2016)

173787

1109

171028

80787

21352

11023

40667

47.24

12.48

6.45

23.78

52.52

13.88

7.17

26.44

EU 28

103404290

45302160

5648220

9165260

26244110

43.81

5.46

8.86

25.38

52.46

6.54

10.61

30.39

Hungary

3837230

1506710

44970

217300

1817950

39.27

1.17

5.66

47.38

42.01

1.25

6.06

50.68

Germany

11896790

7054160

821160

1140750

2201660

59.29

6.90

9.59

18.51

62.88

7.32

10.17

19.63

Austria

1371290

480590

368210

25130

150510

35.05

26.85

1.83

10.98

46.91

35.94

2.45

14.69

Italy

7009310

2225390

132890

635800

1451560

31.75

1.90

9.07

20.71

50.06

2.99

14.30

32.65

France

18386080

8573370

1992730

1537160

6272960

46.63

10.84

8.36

34.12

46.65

10.84

8.36

34.14

Croatia

895220

289000

14660

37160

449820

32.28

1.64

4.15

50.25

36.55

1.85

4.70

56.89

Figure KM11-5: Share of arable land according to tillage practices in 2010 and 2016*
Sources: 
EUROSTAT (2018)
; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (2018)
Chart note: 

Calculations by AIS.

* Data for selected EU Member State countries and EU-27 average are for year 2010.

Show data

ARABLE LAND AND KITCHEN GARDENS[ha]

Flowers and ornamental plants[ha]

Hops[ha]

Vegetables in protected areas[ha]

Asparagus[ha]

Strawberies[ha]

Arable land for calculations[ha]

Conventional tillage[ha]

Conservational tillage[ha]

Zero tillage[ha]

Fallow land and arable land with no data[ha]

Share of arable land with conventional tillage[%]

Share of arable land with conservational tillage[%]

Share of arable land with zero tillage[%]

Share of fallow land[%]

2010

170144

76

1488

180.90

102

168297.10

128894

14692

2480

22231.10

76.59

8.73

1.47

13.21

2016

173787

85

1485

219.10

54

111

171832.90

142814

19274

918

8880.90

83.11

11.22

0.53

5.17

EU 27

102535310

65458370

19176980

3530940

14369020

63.84

18.70

3.44

14.01

Hungary

3837230

3205710

409670

44170

177680

83.54

10.68

1.15

4.63

Germany

11896790

6610510

4470300

146610

669370

55.57

37.58

1.23

5.63

Austria

1370290

972960

326720

28330

42280

71.00

23.84

2.07

3.09

Italy

7009310

5183060

300970

283920

1241360

73.95

4.29

4.05

17.71

France

18386080

8991900

4619950

530270

4243960

48.91

25.13

2.88

23.08

Croatia

895220

808340

25660

18540

39680

90.30

2.87

2.07

4.43


Goals

The indicator is directly related to the strategic goals of the Resolution on the strategic directions of the development of Slovenian agriculture and food until 2020 Zagotovimo.si food for tomorrow:

  • Ensuring food security through the stable production of safe, high-quality and consumer-friendly food.
  • Sustainable use of production potentials and provision of public goods related to agriculture.
  • Implementing agricultural practices that will preserve biodiversity, soil and water quality.
  • Increasing the competitiveness of agriculture and food processing industry.

 

Additionally, the indicator is related to the strategic objectives of the Rural Development Programme 2014–2020:

  • Restoration, conservation and enhancement of biodiversity, including Natura 2000 sites and areas with natural or other special constraints, and farming of high natural value and landscape status in Europe.
  • Improving water management, including the management of fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Preventing soil erosion and improving soil management.
  • Climate change effects mitigation and adaptation.

 

The indicator is partly related to other environmental objectives:

  • Eradicating hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture (Agenda 2030).
  • Protection, conservation and improvement of the Union's natural capital (7th Environmental Action Program).
  • The protection of Union citizens against environmental pressures and risks to health and well-being (7th Environmental Action Program).

Source data base
Statistical office of Republic of Slovenia
Date of data source summarization
04.10.2018
Time coverage
1992–2017
Geographical coverage
Slovenia
Source data base
EUROSTAT
Date of data source summarization
09.10.2018
Time coverage
2010 and 2013

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