In the last decade, Slovenia has been directing the majority of its growing investments in infrastructure into the road network, especially the motorway network. There have not been many investments in rail transport, which is why its non-competitiveness has been increasing in comparison with road transport; therefore, the entire transport system is moving away from the sustainable objectives.
In 2009, primarily due to the closure of a motorway network, a total investment decreased by about a third. As a result, investments in rail transport have been increasing, but Slovenia is still well below the EEA-32 average. In 2011, the first time since Slovenia independence the majority of its investments in infrastructure (54%) to the rail network, while the total volume of investment infrastructure only 1/3 of a record investment in 2008.
The indicator shows the volume of investments in infrastructure of road, rail, air and maritime transport in the Republic of Slovenia in the period 1992-2008; this includes all investments in infrastructure with the exception of regular maintenance costs. Infrastructure investments include expenses for new construction or the expansion of existing infrastructure, including restoration, modernisation and larger repair work. Infrastructure includes land, the construction of permanent paths, buildings, bridges and tunnels as well as fixed installations, equipment and installations in connection with them (signalisation, telecommunications, catenaries, power plants, etc.). Infrastructure maintenance costs are costs for the maintenance of infrastructure in such a condition that it may operate (SORS, 2004). Infrastructure of air and maritime transport also includes investments in equipment for traffic management and the provision of safety.
Annual reports 2013, Motorway Company of the Republic of Slovenia (MCRS);, Ministry of Finance 2013.
EEA, Transport infrastructure investments (TERM 019), 2013.
|Inland waterways||million Euro||926.8||1071.7||1128.4||1026.7||984.4||1071.5||1120.8||1128.1||1155.1||1158.8|
|Inland waterways||million Euro||1138.8||1174.3||1154.8||1153.9||1233.2||1252.8||1349.1|
- Provision of necessary transport infrastructure for land transport as well as maritime and air transport, which will follow the principles of sustainable and coherent regional development (RePPRS and Operational Programme of Environmental and Transport Infrastructure Development for the Period 2007–2013)
- Development of balanced and equally burdened transport sub-systems (RePPRS and the Operational Programme of Environmental and Transport Infrastructure Development for the Period 2007–2013)
- Development of the Slovenian port and completion of its infrastructure and inland backbone transport infrastructure, and the establishment of the system of sea motorways (Operational Programme of Environmental and Transport Infrastructure Development for the Period 2007–2013)
The Operational Programme of Environmental and Transport Infrastructure Development for the Period 2007–2013 specifically includes the following projects:
- construction of 28 km of new railway tracks and modernisation of 400 km of existing railway tracks
- construction of or modernisation of 500 km of cycling tracks
- construction of 20 km of new and modernisation of 130 km of existing roads
- construction of 15 new non-level crossings
- construction of 65 km of new motorway sections
- construction of 1800 m of new operative shoreline.
Data for Slovenia
Objectives summarised by:
- Resolution on Transport Policy of the Republic of Slovenia (RePPRS), OG RS, no. 58/2006, Operational Programme of Environmental and Transport Infrastructure Development for the Period 2007–2013 and Spatial Planning Strategy of Slovenia, OG RS, no.76/2004.
Source database or source:
- Annual reports of MCRS 2003–2008
- Annual financial statements of the budget of the Republic of Slovenia 2001–2008
- Motorway Company of the Republic of Slovenia (MCRS)
- Ministry of Finance (MF)
Date of acquisition for this indicator: 13 July 2009
Methodology and frequency of data collection for the indicator: The data on the investments in the motorway network have been published since 1994 by the Motorway Company of the Republic of Slovenia (MCRS) in its annual report, while the review of the period 1994-2003 was published in the annual report for 2003. Amounts for individual years indicated in the indicator are much higher than in the final statements of the budget, since the latter include only budget resources. Namely, the resources for the construction of motorways have been coming in recent years less from the budget and more from the resources collected by tolls. The construction has been frequently financed by various forms of borrowing – for instance, by loans from international financial organisations, foreign financial loans and domestic financial loans.
The data on the investments in state roads and railway, maritime and air infrastructure is annually published by the Ministry of Finance in the Annual financial statement of the national budget, published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia and also on the Ministry's web page.
Data processing methodology: In the annual financial statement of the national budget for 2008 we considered only the data on the realised values for the following subprogrammes and one budget item: investment maintenance and construction of state roads (subprogramme 13022404), investment activities in railway infrastructure (subprogramme 13032407), airports and airport infrastructure (subprogramme 13042404) and equipment for the safety of maritime transport (budget item 3830).
The total volume of investments, indicated in Slovenian tolars in final statements is, for a better comparability of the indicator, calculated and converted into EUR according to the data of the webpage Archive of tolar daily exchange rates of the Bank of Slovenia (2008) for the last day in an individual year within the considered period.
Information concerning data quality:
- Advantages and disadvantages (at data level): The MCRS data is accurate and enables a comparison between years. The MF data is less comparable than the MCRS annual reports, since the classification of the expenses of ministries has been changing throughout the years; therefore, it is more difficult to separate resources used for regular maintenance from those used for investment maintenance. However, it was possible to obtain quality data on the investments in transport infrastructure in the Republic of Slovenia with a detailed review of expenses and comparative analysis of different years.
- Relevance, accuracy, robustness, uncertainty: The MCRS data is accurate, while the MF data is in comparison with the former less reliable due to classification changes of budget items.
Reliability of the indicator (archive data): The data refers to a longer time period.
Uncertainty of the indicator (scenarios/projections): Projections have not been prepared.
- Overall assessment (1 = no major comments, 3 = data to be considered with reservation): 1
Accuracy: 2 (change of classification of the expenses of ministries)
Completeness over time: 1
Completeness over space: 1
Other sources and literature:
- Archive of tolar daily exchange rates of the Bank of Slovenia (24 July 2008).
- EEA, 2002: TERM 2002 19 EU – Investment in transport infrastructure per capita and by mode. Indicator Fact Sheet. European Environment Agency.
- Resolution on the National Motorway Construction Programme in the Republic of Slovenia. OG RS, no. 50/2004 (13 July 2009).
- SORS, 2004: Glossary for transport statistics (UNECE, ECMT, Eurostat). Ljubljana, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (30 June 2009).