KAZALCI OKOLJA

Environmental indicators in Slovenia


Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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Temperature observations show increasing trend of maximum and minimum absolute temperature in between 1961 and 2020, reflecting a global warming. Number of hot days is increasing, including the frequency of extreme hot days with daily maximum temperature above 35 °C. Number of days with temperature below zero show a decline.

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Since 2017, as a result of the introduction of the fuel price supplement due to the mixing of biofuels, use of biofuels has increased. In 2020, 10.9% RES share in the transport sector has been achieved. Biofuels contributed 94 % to this share, with some biofuels multiplied by multiplier factors in the calculation of the RES share. Biofuels accounted for less than 6% in 2020 in transport energy use, with one sixth of advanced biofuels.

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The phosphorus (P) budget in agriculture declined over the period 1992–2021 (for 104%). Reduction is the consequence of a decreased P intake with mineral and livestock fertilizers, as well as the consequence of increasing the P uptake by agricultural crops. The period up to 2003 was characterized by a surplus of 11 to 16 kg per hectare while after 2003 they were mostly less than 5 kg per hectare. In the period 2004–2015, the P surplus in Slovenia (+4.5 kg per hectare) was above the EU average (+2.2 kg per hectare).

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In 2018, the ecological footprint of Slovenia was 5,37 gha per capita. For such a lifestyle 3.39 Earths would be required for the world's population to live within planetary regenerative capacity. This places Slovenia above the average of the EU countries (4.6 gha per capita). The carbon footprint usually accounts for around 60% of the total ecological footprint and therefore needs to receive comparatively more attention. According to consumption categories, housing and personal transportation contribute the most to the ecological footprint in Slovenia.

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Energy use contributes 79% to total greenhouse gas emissions in Slovenia. The biggest sources of emissions are electricity and heat production and transport. With the introduction of the EU Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) Member States targets for GHG's covered only emissions from nonETS sources. Transport is by far the largest source of on nonETS emissions in Slovenia with 47%, while  emissions from energy use contribute 73%. The 2020 target has been achieved. Target for the following years are significantly more ambitious.

Neutral

The export of waste from Slovenia decreased in 2020, for the first time after ten years of growth. We exported around 340 thousand tonnes of waste, mainly to Austria and Hungary. The import of waste also declined for the first time in 2020, we imported around 61 thousand tonnes of waste.


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