KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

In 2018, more than half of Slovenia's land area was covered by forests (56% or 58% including shrubland), while other mostly natural vegetation accounted for 3%. Farmland occupied 34% of land area, while slightly less than 4% was artificial land, and less than 1% was water. In the periods 1996–2000, 2000–2006 and 2006–2012, land cover and land use changes were relatively small (they occurred on 0.12%, 0.13% and 0.09% of the entire territory, respectively). In the latest period 2012–2018 land cover and land use changes slightly increase (they occurred on 0,44 % ot the entire territory).

Neutral

In 2020, Slovenia recorded a slight increase in the number and total area of functionally depreciated areas (FDAs): 1,132 FDAs were recorded in the total area of 3,695.3 ha. Compared to 2017, their number increased by 51, with a total area of 272.5 ha.

We can notice positive trends towards the revitalization of FDAs, as new activity has taken off on 108 locations, on the 292 FDAs there have been major changes in recent years, where many remediation and renewal processes began, while else ware the physical condition and degradation of the area has deteriorated.

Bad

After 2012, the volume of built-up areas in Slovenia continues to increase, representing 5.6% of the land use structure in 2019. In this period, built-up areas were predominantly spread to grasslands (47%), forests (21%) and permanent crops (13%), while in the period 2012–2019 the total volume of built-up areas increased by 3,966 ha. Existing data sources in Slovenia do not yet enable the evaluation of the actual loss of land for the needs of construction.

Neutral

Water consumption in Slovenia represents a relatively small proportion of the annual gross water outflow from the country. In 2019, the annual WEI+ index was around 3%, and same 3% compared to the periodic average of water availability. The Long-term Annual Average Water Exploitation Index shows a slight decrease, but the trend is not statistically significant.

Neutral

In recent years, the amount of wastewater treated by secondary or tertiary treatment processes increased, while primary treatment processes have closed. The amount of wastewater treated through secondary treatment processes increased by 150 % since 2000 or from 30 million m3 (in 2000) to almoust 45 million m3 (in 2019). There were almost no tertiary wastewater treatment processes in Slovenia in 2000, and in 2019, 72% of wastewater or 113 million m3 of wastewater was treated by tertiary process.

Neutral

In 2008, the trend of reducing annual quantities of deposited waste continued both in landfills that are part of public infrastructure as well in landfills operated by the industry. In 2008, 835.3 thousand tonnes of waste were deposited on landfills belonging to public infrastructure and 207.8 thousand tonnes were deposited on landfills operated by industry.

Neutral

Since 2004, the share of collected waste oils in relation to the quantity of oils sold grew from 15% to 30% in 2007, which is the target figure. In recent years, the share of recovered or incinerated waste oils compared to deposited oils is also increasing, which shows that this waste is used as additional energy-generating product. According to 2004 data, 4145 tonnes of waste oils were recovered, and 134 tonnes deposited.

Good

The collected quantities of health-care waste increased after the adoption of the regulation governing this waste. Collected quantities of waste medicines are also expected to increase, since collection in pharmacies was introduced at the end of 2009.

Good

The majority of waste edible oil is exported to other EU Member States for recycling into biodiesel. According to the official records of the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, there is no industrial biodiesel production from waste edible oils in Slovenia.

Bad

Collected quantities of organic kitchen waste more than doubled after the implementation of the regulation, but its management has so far failed to achieve the set objectives. Deficiencies are particularly evident in composting. About 3,000 tonnes of such waste were composted in 2007, but so far only one entity obtained the environmental permit required for this activity.


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