KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

70% of the energy supply is at the disposal of final users in Slovenia. The share is largely affected by the efficiency of electricity and heat production.

In electricity and heat production in thermal power plants and combined heat and power plants, 54% of energy input was lost in 2014. Efficiency of production is improving slowly due to the lack of new investments. In 2013, efficiency was 3% below that of the EU-28.

The production of electricity from combined heat and power generation decreased in 2013 and moved even further away from the 2010 goal.

 

Neutral

Energy efficiency in transport is improving, but too slowly, as it improved by only 11% in the period 2000-2019. Most of the energy in traffic is consumed in passenger cars, where efficiency has deteriorated.

In households, energy efficiency improved by 33% over the same period, mainly due to an improvement in energy efficiency for heating. Most energy in households is used to heat homes.

Good

Data for the period 2010-2019 show a positive trend in the estimated final energy consumption in households. The share of households that estimated their energy consumption as low or very low increased by 8 percentage points from 2010 to 2019. From 2011 to 2019, the share of households considering more efficient energy consumption also increased. The indicator also shows a significant potential for reductions in final energy consumption in households – less than three quarters of households estimated energy consumption in their home in 2019 as moderate, or high to very high. .

Neutral

The declarative attitude of Slovenian households towards the environment and efficient energy use is changing positively, while the relationship between the ecological awareness and unawareness of households remains unchanged. There is a considerable potential for reducing final energy consumption in households through the development of environmentally-oriented behaviour, or through positive practice in the use of energy.

Neutral

Large majority of registered cars still use conventional fuels (petrol and diesel). Although the total share of all alternative propulsion vehicles increased slightly from 2014 to 2019, it remains statistically insignificant.

Neutral

In the last decade, droughts have been slightly less intense than in the previous decade, and it is worrying that they occur most often during the growing season. Especially in the first trimester, we observe a decrease in the frequency and intensity of hydrological drought. In the period 1961–2019, the year 2003 stands out in terms of drought, which was dry in all quarters of the year. After 2000, the years 2007 and 2011 were more markedly dry.

Bad

Frequency and intensity of groundwater droughts is increasing in recent decades. 7 out of 10 years with highest annual intensity of phenomenon is classified in the period after year 2000. The highest intensity of groundwater drought was recorded in years 2012, 2002 and 2003. Regarding the duration of groundwater drought the period between years 2002 and 2004 stands out. Extreme groundwater drought most frequently occur in winter and spring while severe drought is most commonly observed in spring and summer.

Bad

The frequency of agricultural drought in Slovenia has been increasing in recent decades. In the last twenty years, we have recorded 6 droughts that affected Slovenia at the scale of a natural disaster. Drought is occurring with increasing intensity and in areas and seasons where there have been no problems in the past. An additional risk for agricultural drought are rapidly developing droughts in summer ("flash droughts"), which occur especially during heat waves. Projections show that trend of increasing frequency and intensity of agricultural drought will continue in the future.pp

Bad

Soil drought has a key impact on plant development and consequently on various industries (forestry, agriculture, …) . Indicators of the number of drought days and the duration of drought periods in individual years show an increase especially after 1990. Similarly, the analysis of the impact of the climate change up to 2100 shows that soil water deficits will increase in the future. The number and the duration of the droughts will increase.


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