KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

In 2019, drinking water monitoring was carried out in supply zones (water supply systems) that supply 50 or more persons (93% of the population). Large and medium supply zones that supply more than 1,000 (85%) of the population, generally have adequate drinking water quality. The smallest supply zones that supply 50-500 people are the least regulated, in comparison to larger due to the fecal contamination, as some with surface and karst water resources.

Neutral

In Europe 12.9%, infants die due to respiratory diseases. Data for Slovenia show that in 2017, 6.7% of all infants aged 28-364 days died due to respiratory diseases. In 2014 and 2015 in Slovenia, no new-borns died due to respiratory diseases. Studies have shown a very complicated link between level of air pollution and infant mortality due to respiratory diseases, mainly due to various external factors (allergens, cigarette smoke, diet, and lifestyle).

Neutral

Asthma has become the most common chronic disease among children and is one of the major causes of hospitalisation of children under the age of 15. In the period 1999–2004, asthma prevalence among children in the EU varied from less than 5% to over 20%. Most hospital admissions of children with asthma occur in Ljubljana and Maribor. As more and more people are sensitive to allergens, allergic diseases may increase in Europe in the coming years.

Bad

In Slovenia 47% of children were exposed to concentrations of 21-30 µg PM10/m3, and 53% to concentrations of 31-40 µg/m3. In Europe, most children live in an environment where PM10 concentrations are below 30 µg/m3. It is a worrying fact that in Slovenia in 2018 about 2% of children were exposed to concentrations between 31 and 40 PM10/m3, and in 2019 as much as 53%.

Neutral

Slovenia reported one to three waterborne outbreaks per year. In period, 2009–2019 Slovenia reported no outbreaks, except in 2009, 2015, and 2017-2019. In these waterborne outbreaks, 5 to 355 cases were reported. In about half of the waterborne outbreaks, the causative agent wasn´t identified, in others outbreaks the following causative pathogens was confirmed in patients: Cryptosporidium parvum, Escherichia coli, rotavirus, norovirus, Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella Typhimurium.

Neutral

In Slovenia in 2017, 94% of the population was supplied with drinking water from water supply systems that had undergone water quality monitoring in situ, at users’ taps. Drinking water monitoring excluded 6% of the Slovenian population. Generally, all residents of Slovenian cities are supplied with drinking water subjected to regular monitoring. Accessibility of drinking water did not improve significantly in the period 2004–2017.

Bad

According to the state of epiphytic lichens, the preservation of forests and air quality is poor in the entire territory of the Republic of Slovenia, except in forests at higher altitude in the Alps and partially in the Dinaric mountain range.

Neutral

In recent years, cadmium and lead concentrations in the kidneys and livers of roe deer has decreased below the level of toxic concentrations that could have a direct adverse effect on the health of the individuals of this species. Nevertheless, cadmium concentrations in the internal organs of roe deer exceed the admissible concentration determined by law in many areas of Slovenia (taking into consideration the suitability for human consumption).

Bad

Acidification of forests represents a potential danger only in the non-hydrocarbon part of Slovenia, especially in the east of the country. According to rough estimates, the critical loads occur particularly in the wider area of both major thermals (Zasavje, Celjska kotlina and Šaleška dolina). Excessive eutrophication of forests for deposition from the air does not take looming forest areas in Slovenia.

Bad

Content of metals and nitrogen are increased in the vicinity of major cities, industrial and thermal-energy centers. Increased values in western Slovenia are the result of remote transport, in northeastern Slovenia mainly due to transport and agriculture. In 2006, the nitrogen concentration were highest in Slovenia (among all the participating countries in project).


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