KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Good

The number of inhabitants who are exposed to traffic noise along major roads outside urban areas is gradually decreasing. In 2017, around 16,000 fewer inhabitants were exposed to high road traffic noise levels throughout the day compared to 2012. There is an important difference between inhabitants who live in the impact area of major motorways and highways, and inhabitants who live in the impact area of major main and regional roads.

Neutral

The number of inhabitants who live in the impact area of major railways outside urban areas and are exposed to rail traffic noise has not changed significantly in the past years. In 2017, around 7,000 inhabitants were exposed to high noise levels throughout the day and around 10,700 inhabitants during the night. Between 2012 and 2017, the number of inhabitants who are exposed to high rail traffic noise did not decrease.

Neutral

In the last decade, droughts have been slightly less intense than in the previous decade, and it is worrying that they occur most often during the growing season. Especially in the first trimester, we observe a decrease in the frequency and intensity of hydrological drought. In the period 1961–2019, the year 2003 stands out in terms of drought, which was dry in all quarters of the year. After 2000, the years 2007 and 2011 were more markedly dry.

Bad

Frequency and intensity of groundwater droughts is increasing in recent decades. 7 out of 10 years with highest annual intensity of phenomenon is classified in the period after year 2000. The highest intensity of groundwater drought was recorded in years 2012, 2002 and 2003. Regarding the duration of groundwater drought the period between years 2002 and 2004 stands out. Extreme groundwater drought most frequently occur in winter and spring while severe drought is most commonly observed in spring and summer.

Bad

Soil drought has a key impact on plant development and consequently on various industries (forestry, agriculture, …) . Indicators of the number of drought days and the duration of drought periods in individual years show an increase especially after 1990. Similarly, the analysis of the impact of the climate change up to 2100 shows that soil water deficits will increase in the future. The number and the duration of the droughts will increase.

Neutral

In 2019, drinking water monitoring was carried out in supply zones (water supply systems) that supply 50 or more persons (93% of the population). Large and medium supply zones that supply more than 1,000 (85%) of the population, generally have adequate drinking water quality. The smallest supply zones that supply 50-500 people are the least regulated, in comparison to larger due to the fecal contamination, as some with surface and karst water resources.

Neutral

Air pollution is the most important environmental risk factor for human health, affecting an average of 400,000 premature deaths in the EU and costing Europeans an average of more than € 166 billion a year. In the case of the cities of Ljubljana and Maribor, external costs amount to almost EUR 271 million annually. Estimation of external costs of air pollution from transport is slightly decreasing.


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