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In 2012, more than half of Slovenia's land area was covered by forests (56% or 58% including shrubland), while other mostly natural vegetation accounted for 4%. Farmland occupied 35% of land area, while slightly less than 3% was artificial land. In the periods 1996–2000, 2000–2006 and 2006–2012, land cover and land use changes were relatively small (they occurred on 0.12%, 0.13% and 0.09% of the entire territory, respectively). The majority of detected changes were related to forest management and infrastructure construction.


In 2020, Slovenia recorded a slight increase in the number and total area of functionally depreciated areas (FDAs): 1,132 FDAs were recorded in the total area of 3,695.3 ha. Compared to 2017, their number increased by 51, with a total area of 272.5 ha.

We can notice positive trends towards the revitalization of FDAs, as new activity has taken off on 108 locations, on the 292 FDAs there have been major changes in recent years, where many remediation and renewal processes began, while else ware the physical condition and degradation of the area has deteriorated.


After 2012, the volume of built-up areas in Slovenia continues to increase, representing 5.6% of the land use structure in 2019. In this period, built-up areas were predominantly spread to grasslands (47%), forests (21%) and permanent crops (13%), while in the period 2012–2019 the total volume of built-up areas increased by 3,966 ha. Existing data sources in Slovenia do not yet enable the evaluation of the actual loss of land for the needs of construction.


Water protection areas (WPA) comprise approximately 17% of the territory of Slovenia. Going by land use in these areas, forest (61.1%) prevails, followed by grassland (13.6%) and arable fields (10.9%). Ecologically farmed land represents only 1.7% of total WPAs and 6.04% of agricultural land on WPAs, with grassland representing the largest share at 79.6%.