KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Good

The quantity of end-of-life tyres collected for recovery increased dramatically when producer liability was introduced. Arround 16,000 tonnes of end-of-life tyres is produced, which is about 8kg per capita. In 2015, 65% of end-of-life-tyres have been recovered through material recovery and 35% through energy recovery.

Good

Results of the REUS 2019 survey show that the car represents the main mode of transportation both in people's city of residence and outside the city. The share of surveyed households that walk or cycle in addition to driving a car and using public transport increased significantly compared to the period 2010–2017. Choice of transport does not depend on the time of year. During the summer season, the bicycle is an additional mode of transport to work for just under one-third of respondents.

Neutral

The survey results show that between 2010 and 2019, the share of households considering the purchase of an electric or a hybrid passenger car statistically significantly increased. Statistical data for registered vehicles shows that, during 2014-2019, the share of new registered electric and hybrid passenger cars slightly increased. In comparison to 20 European countries Slovenia ranks in the middle.

Neutral

Large majority of registered cars still use conventional fuels (petrol and diesel). Although the total share of all alternative propulsion vehicles increased slightly from 2014 to 2019, it remains statistically insignificant.

Bad

The volume of passenger transport has been increasing in Slovenia for several decades, primarily due to the growth of the most unsustainable modes – passenger cars and (especially after 2002) air transport. This growth stopped after the economic recession in 2008. The volume of public transport has been declining for decades, especially the modal share of bus services. In the last decade, the modal share of public transport stabilised, but at a much lower level compared to 1991, when Slovenia became independent.

Bad

Road freight transport has increased dramatically since Slovenia joined the EU. This is due to the increased volume of tonne-kilometres of Slovenian transport carriers. In the period 2004–2014, road freight transport increased by approximately 80%. Despite the economic crisis in the EU, growth has continued, with the exception of aviation transport. After 2011, the share of road transport stabilised.

Neutral

Over the past decade, Slovenia has been funnelling the majority of its investments into its road network, particularly the motorways. Investments in railways have been neglected, which is why railways have not been able to compete with road transport. But this trend has been changing since 2011. Investments in rail transport have been increasing since 2014. The proportion of funds allocated to railways in 2014 amounted to 52%, which is above the EEA-33 average. The total volume of investments in 2014 represented 59% of investments in 2008.

Bad

Energy consumption in transport has gradually increased after the decrease caused by the economic crisis. In 2012, the share of transport in the final use of energy equalled the highest share reached so far. Most energy is consumed in road transport, which is also growing at the fastest rate.

Bad

The assessment of external costs of transport in Slovenia for 2002 varies between 6 and 9.8 % of GDP, which is at the level of the EU-15 average (7 %). The majority (over 90 %) of all external costs of transport in Slovenia are caused by road transport.

Neutral

Inhabitants of the EU-27, including Slovenia, are only partially aware of the problem of increasing volume of transport and its environmental consequences. Public awareness about the effects of transport on the environment is still at a relatively low level, although differences between European countries are substantial. People's awareness of environmental problems caused by transport does not automatically lead to changing mobility habits and is not always reflected in changed behaviour of the population.


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