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Air pollution is the most important environmental risk factor for human health, affecting an average of 400,000 premature deaths in the EU and costing Europeans an average of more than € 166 billion a year. In the case of the cities of Ljubljana and Maribor, external costs amount to almost EUR 271 million annually. Estimation of external costs of air pollution from transport is slightly decreasing.


Plans to improve air quality in Slovenia include a number of measures. It is crucial that the state ensures the financing of measures and thus the implementation of measures, and consequently the improvement of ambient air quality. In 2019, as much as EUR 15.56 million more investments were paid out than in 2014. In the period from 2014 to 2019, most investments were in wood biomass boilers, followed by investments in heat pumps.