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Key message

Resource productivity in Slovenia is strongly affected by the construction sector. Consumption of non-metallic mineral resources has a great impact primarily due to the weight of these products. It was the lowest in 2007, after which it began to grow due to a decline in construction activity. In 2014, it reached 1.34 EUR/kg. However, it is still below the EU average (1.98 EUR/kg).


Resource productivity is an indicator expressing the ratio between gross domestic product (GDP) and domestic material consumption (DMC) in relation to weight. It is one of the most important indicators measuring the efficiency of resource use.


Figure OD18-1: Resource productivity

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia,SI-STAT,2016;

Show data
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
resource productivity EUR2005/kg 0.7 0.74 0.74 0.7 0.72 0.78 0.7 0.68 0.8 0.89
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
resource productivity EUR2005/kg 0.96 1.07 1.21 1.21 1.21
Figure OD18-2: Resource productivity in some European coutries, GDP/DMC, (EUR/kg)

EEA report More From Less – material resource efficiency in Europe, Country profile, 2015

Figure OD18-3: Concept of 'industrial metabolism
Figure OD18-4: Scheme of resource flow


·         To increase resource productivity, to decouple economic growth from resource use, to increase competitiveness and supply reliability;

·         to improve the functioning of the economy while reducing pressures on the environment.


The European Commission communicated their goal to improve the functioning of the economy while reducing pressures on the environment to the European Parliament, Council and the Committees via the “Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe.” The indicator “Resource efficiency,” which is the leading indicator, was selected for the monitoring of this goal in the field of efficient use of resources. The indicator has a few drawbacks, as it only describes resource efficiency from the perspective of the use of material resources. Therefore, the European Commission plans to supplement it with certain other indicators (macro indicators for the areas of water, land use and greenhouse gases).

For its functioning, the economy requires various materials and energy from natural resources (fossil fuels, metals, biomass, etc.), while on the other hand, we put pressure on the environment with emissions and waste (figure OD6-3).

Up until 2007, resource efficiency in Slovenia was around 0.8 EUR/kg. After 2007 it began to grow, amounting to 1.4 EUR/kg in 2013. In 2014 it slightly dropped again, to 1.34 EUR/kg. The improved resource efficiency after 2007 was largely a result of the reduced use of building materials. According to the data provided by the Geological Survey of Slovenia, production of raw materials for the construction sector (technical stone, gravel and sand) in 2014 (10,922,593 tonnes) amounted to only half of the production in 2008 (19,488,636 tonnes), while the production of other non-metallic mineral resources (such as raw materials for the manufacturing and building materials industries) remained more or less unchanged. The use of non-metallic mineral resources strongly affects resource efficiency, largely due to the weight of these products. Therefore, resource efficiency reached its lowest level in the period 2006–2007, when construction activities were very intensive due to the finalisation of the motorway system, among other things.

The growth of resource productivity doesn’t necessarily mean that the actual use of resources was reduced. It can mean that the economic growth rate in a given period exceeds the use of resources.

In 2014, average resource productivity in the EU was 1.98 EUR/kg, while in Slovenia it was 1.34 EUR/kg.

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