KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Bad

The frequency of agricultural drought in Slovenia has been increasing in recent decades. In the last twenty years, we have recorded 6 droughts that affected Slovenia at the scale of a natural disaster. Drought is occurring with increasing intensity and in areas and seasons where there have been no problems in the past. An additional risk for agricultural drought are rapidly developing droughts in summer ("flash droughts"), which occur especially during heat waves. Projections show that trend of increasing frequency and intensity of agricultural drought will continue in the future.pp

Bad

Soil drought has a key impact on plant development and consequently on various industries (forestry, agriculture, …) . Indicators of the number of drought days and the duration of drought periods in individual years show an increase especially after 1990. Similarly, the analysis of the impact of the climate change up to 2100 shows that soil water deficits will increase in the future. The number and the duration of the droughts will increase.

Neutral

In Slovenia, alluvial aquifers present 60 % of the drinking water sources, and karst-fractured aquifers present 40 %. Due to populated areas and intensive agricultural production, alluvial aquifers are exposed to greater risks of pollution with nitrates.

Bad

In most aquifers in Slovenia, levels of plant protection products and their degradation products (metabolites) indicate a decreasing trend, which is mainly due to the decreased concentrations of atrazine and its metabolite desethylatrazine. The number of individual active substances and their degradation products exceeding the 0.1 µg/l threshold value for individual active substances is also decreasing.

Neutral

Water protection areas represent 17% of the area in Slovenia. Of this 61% is forest, 30% agricultural land, 6% urban land and 3% other surfaces. From agricultural land on the WPA, 49% is grassland, 36% arable land, and permanent crops, agricultural land in afforestation and other agricultural land by 5% each. In the period 2002-2011 have increased the forest areas (1.3%) and urban land (2.3%), and decreased agricultural land (to 1228 ha, or 1.2%).


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